EFFECTS OF REALIA AND TEXTS ON ACHIEVEMENT OF BASIC TECHNOLOGY STUDENTS IN WOODWORK IN TECHNICAL COLLEGES IN TARABA STATE, NIGERIA
The main objective of the study was to determine the effects of utilization of texts and realia on achievements of Basic Technology students in woodwork in Technical colleges in Taraba State, Nigeria. Two specific objectives were identified. Two research questions were answered and two hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted the quasi-experimental design. The population of the study comprised of 236 students. A sample of 82 students from two technical colleges took part in the study. Descriptive statistics were used for answering the research questions, while inferential statistics of t-test were used to test the hypotheses. Findings revealed that texts and realia as vital instructional strategies were effective in improving students’ achievements where the experimental group performed better than the control group. That is the study found that after the treatment in the experimental group using realia and texts as instructional materials, majority of the students were found at a high achievement level. The finding also revealed that there was no significant difference in the achievements of male and female students. Recommendations were made on the use of texts and realia in teaching Basic Technology.